Dog Breed Characteristics

»»Dog Breed Characteristics

Everyone wants to find the perfect dog that fit seamlessly into their lifestyle and match their personality. Some breeds are easier to train, more affectionate, fluffier, larger/smaller and even more intelligent. This list of characteristics will make it easier when considering buying or adopting a new fur baby.

Affectionate with Family

Some breeds are independent and distant even though they were raised in a loving home. Others may be over protective of one family member and shy away from other humans, and some may shower the entire family with love and affection. Breed isn’t the only factor that decides the affection levels of dogs, much of it stems from if they were raised in a home with compassion and love from their owners. List of 10 affectionate breeds:

  1. Australian Shepherd
  2. Beagle
  3. Border Collie
  4. Boxer
  5. Cocker Spaniel
  6. Golden Retriever
  7. Labrador Retriever
  8. Mastiff
  9. Pug
  10. Whippet

Amount of Shedding

If you’re going to share your home with a dog, you’ll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. The amount of shedding can vary and depend on the breed, some may shed year round while others shed during the summer to rid of their winter coat. If you’re a neat freak then you should definitely choose a short haired pooch that doesn’t shed often. List of 10 breeds:

Shed a lot:

  1. American Eskimo Dog
  2. Bernese Mountain Dog
  3. Dalmatian
  4. English Toy Spaniel
  5. Great Pyrenees
  6. Icelandic Sheepdog
  7. Old English Sheepdog
  8. Pomeranian
  9. Saint Bernard
  10. Tibetan Terrier

Shed very little:

  1. Airedale Terrier
  2. Boston Terrier
  3. Chihuahua
  4. Chow Chow
  5. Golden Doodle
  6. Maltese
  7. Pharaoh Hound
  8. Poodle
  9. Scottish Terrier
  10. Yorkiepoo

Easy to Train

Easy to train dogs are more proficient at forming an association between a prompt (like the word “sit”), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Other dogs need more time and repetition during training. Many breeds are intelligent but approach training but don’t understand the purpose of it, in which case you’ll need to use rewards and games to achieve your goals. List of 10 easy to train breeds:

  1. American Water Spaniel
  2. Appenzeller Sennenhunde
  3. Bolognese
  4. Bull Terrier
  5. Clumber Spaniel
  6. German Shepherd
  7. Great Dane
  8. Papillon
  9. Pointer
  10. Weimaraner

Energy Level

High-energy dogs are constantly waiting for action and can be said to practically bounce off the walls. These breeds need a lot of exercise and play time to bring their energy down a few notches. Low-energy dogs can be compared to a couch potato that enjoy sleeping the days away. When deciding on a breed of dog consider your lifestyle and how they will fit into your day to day life. List of 10 breeds:


  1. American Foxhound
  2. Australian Cattle Dog
  3. Beagle
  4. Black and Tan Coonhound
  5. English Setter
  6. Greyhound
  7. Jack Russel Terrier
  8. Manchester Terrier
  9. Rottweiler
  10. Shetland Sheepdog


  1. Basset Hound
  2. Borzoi
  3. Bulldog
  4. Chinese Crested
  5. Dogue de Bordeaux
  6. Irish Wolfhound
  7. Japanese Chin
  8. Pekingese
  9. Shih Tzu
  10. Sussex Spaniel

General Health

Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems. This doesn’t mean that every dog of a certain breed will develop those diseases, but they’re at an increased risk than others. If you’re buying a puppy, it’s a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you’re interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup’s parents. List of 10 breeds:

Good health:

  1. Alaskan Malamute
  2. Barbet
  3. Bluetick Coonhound
  4. Chinook
  5. Flat-coated Retriever
  6. Giant Schnauzer
  7. Labradoodle
  8. Otterhound
  9. Saluki
  10. Welsh Springer Spaniel

Poor health:

  1. Australian Shepherd
  2. Boxer
  3. Bull Mastiff
  4. Dachshund
  5. French Bulldog
  6. Irish Setter
  7. Maltipoo
  8. Poodle
  9. Rottweiler
  10. Saint Bernard


Dogs come in all shapes and sizes, from the smallest, the Chihuahua, to the massive Great Dane. What dog you choose to adopt will ultimately come down to their size and if they are compatible with your living space. Some large pup breeds may intimidate potential owners but most of them are softies at heart, while some small dogs look innocent but are protective and cold. List of 10 breeds:

Large breeds:

  1. Afghan Hound
  2. Belgian Sheepdog
  3. Bloodhound
  4. Chowchow
  5. Great Dane
  6. Irish Setter
  7. Leonberger
  8. Old English Sheepdog
  9. Neapolitan Mastiff
  10. Saint Bernard

Medium breeds:

  1. American Foxhound
  2. Bearded Collie
  3. Boxer
  4. Dalmatian
  5. German Pinscher
  6. Harrier
  7. Puli
  8. Siberian Husky
  9. Stabyhoun
  10. Wire-haired Pointing Griffon

Small breeds:

  1. Australian Terrrier
  2. Basset Hound
  3. Boston Terrier
  4. Chihuahua
  5. Havanese
  6. Italian Greyhound
  7. Miniature Schnauzer
  8. Pembroke Welsh Corgi
  9. Toy Fox Terrier
  10. Yorkshire Terrier

Tolerates Hot/Cold Weather

Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold and should live indoors wearing jackets for chilly walks. Dogs with thick, double coats are more vulnerable to overheating and should live indoors on warm, humid days to prevent heat stroke. Whether the breed does better in the warm or cold, make sure you are cautious of your dog’s reaction to the weather. List of 10 breeds:

Cold weather dogs:

  1. Akita
  2. American Eskimo Dog
  3. Black Russian Terrier
  4. Gordon Setter
  5. Icelandic Sheepdog
  6. Kuvasz
  7. Newfoundland
  8. Polish Lowland Sheepdog
  9. Siberian Husky
  10. Tibetan Terrier

Hot weather dogs:

  1. Afghan Hound
  2. Basenji
  3. Border Collie
  4. Cane Corso
  5. Golador
  6. Ibizan Hound
  7. Pocket Beagle
  8. Schnoodle
  9. Silky Terrier
  10. Whippet


References: “Breed Characteristics.” Dogtime. Totally Pets, 2017. Web. 16 June 2017.

By |2017-06-16T05:27:07+00:00June 16, 2017|Categories: , |0 Comments

About the Author:

Recent Texas Tech graduate with a Bachelors in public relations. Ashley enjoys writing, creating graphics and watching funny puppy videos with her cat, Bill.

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