The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon (also called the Korthals Griffon , and the Griffon d’arrêt à poil dur Korthals in France and Quebec) is a gundog breed of dog. Around 1873, Eduard Karel Korthals is credited with the founding of this breed. His idea was to create the ideal versatile gun dog. One that would show extreme resiliency, vigor, and devotion to its owner. It would have to be open to training as it would be working close to its master. He began breeding the line in 1874 with “Mouche”, who was the foundation female as well as five other dogs described as “Griffons”. Carefully he interbred the dogs until the offspring were produced that resembles his idea of the ultimate hunting dog. The offspring that resulted are referred to as the “Korthals Patriarchs”. This is because they are the direct ancestors of the Griffon’s. This breed is particularly adapted for hunting around water, and in thick undergrowth.
The height for the Wirehaired is 22-24 inches tall for males, and 20-22 inches tall for the females. The head of the dog is to be in proportion to the dog overall, the skull is medium in width with an equal length from nose to stop and from stop to occiput. It is slightly rounded on top, but from the side the head and muzzle are square. The eyes are well open, more rounded than elliptical, and are large. The color of the eyes range from all shades of yellow and brown. The ears are medium-sized, set high, at the height of the eyeline, and lie flat and close to the head. The bite is a scissors bite. The dog’s tail is an extension from the back in a continuation from the top line and may be carried straight or slightly raised. He has a double coat. The outercoat is medium in length, wiry, and straight. Its harsh texture provides protection in rough cover. The undercoat is more or less abundant depending on the climate, season, or hormone cycle of the dog. The preferred color is that of steel grey with brown markings. Frequently chestnut brown, or roan, white and orange, and white and brown is acceptable.
The breed is intelligent, has soft temperaments but a willingness to please. Most Griffons do not take well to living in kennels, and do not adapt well to harsh training conditions. They are very people oriented and prefer to be in the vicinity of their owners. Griffons are polite, affectionate, playful, and quiet as family dogs. They make good watchdogs as the will bark to let you know when someone is approaching. However their docile temperament makes them bad guard dogs. They generally get along well with older children and can be good around other pets when raised together. As the Griffon can become easily bored, leading to destructive behaviors, they need at least an hour of good exercise a day to maintain health, happiness and an even temper.
This is generally a vigorous breed, with a normal lifespan of 10-12 years. Some health concerns within the breed are: Orthopoedic; Hip dysplasia and Elbow problems. Optic and Eye;
Entropian, Cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, and Cherry Eye. Miscellaneous; Sensitivity to Anesthetic, Thyroid Problems, Umbilical Hernias, Excess Hair Growth in Ear Canals, Kinked Tail, Over Sized, Misaligned Jaws, Dentition and missing teeth, Genetics of the Wire-Coat, Monorchidism, Cryptorchidism, Tight fold on Vulva, and Conformation.